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Sinful longing; the inward sin which leads to the falling away from God (Romans 1:21). “Lust, the origin of sin, has its place in the heart, not of necessity, but because it is the centre of all moral forces and impulses and of spiritual activity.” In Mark 4:19 “lusts” are objects of desire.

5 Hebrew and 5 Greek words are so rendered, namely:

(1) נפשׁ, nephesh,

(2) שׁרירוּת, sherīrūth,

(3) תּאוה, ta'ăwāh,

(4) חמד, ḥāmadh,

(5) אוה, 'āwāh;

(1) ἐπιθυμία, epithumía,

(2) ἡδονή, hēdonḗ,

(3) ἐπιποθέω, epipothéō,

(4) ὄρεξις, órexis,

(5) πάθος, páthos):

The word both as verb and as substantive has a good and a bad meaning. It probably meant at first a strong desire, a craving, abnormal appetite, not only for physical but for spiritual satisfaction. It has come, however, to be confined in its use almost entirely to the bad sense. Some old translations are not accepted now, the word being used in connections which at present seem almost irreverent. Shades of meaning are learned from an examination of the Hebrew and Greek originals.

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